The day before the UK leaves the European Union, the government has revealed plans for new travel regulations.
Travel around the EU will remain the same throughout the 11-month transition period after the UK leaves the EU on 31 January.
However, several changes will be introduced when the transition period ends on 1 January 2021.
The falling value of the pound could mean an increase in the cost of flights.
Airlines are having to compensate for the rising expense of fuel costs, so for the foreseeable future a rise in flight prices is likely.
Border control will be changing after the transition period ends.
You may need to show a return or onward ticket, or proof that you have enough cash for your stay.
You will also have to use separate queues and lanes to EU travellers.
Data roaming charges could be reintroduced when the Brexit transition period ends.
Guaranteed free mobile data roaming was introduced on DATE HERE, and extended throughout the EU, Iceland, Norway and Liechtenstein.
This guarantee will end on 1 January 2021, at which point phone companies will control their own charges.
Some protection is in place though; a new law means you cannot incur data charges of more than £45 without being notified.
More red tape is to be introduced, making it harder to travel with your pets.
Current pet passport arrangements will be scrapped once the transition period ends.
Travellers who want to travel with a dog, car or ferret must contact their vet at least four months in advance of their travel date.
It is still unconfirmed whether duty free shopping will return for UK travellers.
Tax-free shopping will only return if the UK leaves without a deal, which is looking unlikely after the EU parliament backed Boris Johnson’s Brexit plan by 621 votes to 49 on 29 January.
However, duty free may return after the transition period ends, as the UK government will then decide whether to keep EU rules or to create it’s own regulations.
Northern Ireland will experience different rules than the rest of the UK when it comes to duty free purchases.
Visitors to the Republic of Ireland from England, Wales or Scotland will be able to take duty free liquor and tobacco home from Ireland.
Travellers returning to Northern Ireland from the Republic of Ireland will not be able to take home duty free liquor and tobacco.
There is the possibility of drivers needing international permits but this has yet to be confirmed.
Motorists will need a green card to extend travel insurance to Europe.
Blue passports will be introduced from early 2020 and phased in gradually.
Ironically, they are being made by a French company, Gemalto.
The rules for passport expirations will also change, meaning that if you have 15 months or less until your passport expires, you may be denied access to a flight.
It is currently unknown whether the UK will continue to be a part of the European Health Insurance Card scheme, although it is assumed that it will continue.
People travelling for business will face increased costs.
The EU provides UK businesses with the ability to move equipment and supplies freely between EU countries.
After the transition period ends, businesses will now be charged £326 every time they move goods internationally.
Of the proposed changes, an East Midlands Airport spokesperson said:
“We welcome the focus shown by both the EU and the UK on prioritising aviation throughout the negotiations so far. The UK Government must now focus on securing a long-term ‘open skies’ agreement with the EU which maintains the liberal aviation market that has allowed people to travel cheaply and safely within Europe and further afield over the past decades.
“These opportunities for travel that have resulted from past ‘open skies’ agreements have contributed much to the cultural and economic development of this country and maintaining the current arrangements should be among the Government’s top priorities.”