High congestion levels on city centre road are the leading cause of dangerous levels of air pollution.

Air pollution levels in Nottingham have dropped by more than half since a health warning in 2016.

New tests have found that PM2.5 levels, the most damaging form of air pollution, are now at 7μg/m3, down from 12μg/m3 in 2016.

This comes after the World Health Organisation (WHO) warned that Nottingham’s air pollution was at harmful levels, prompting Nottingham City Council to launch a clean air scheme.

As part of the scheme, the council has invested more money into public transport, expanding bus and tram services and replacing diesel buses with gas and electric alternatives.

Plans have also been announced to reduce emissions by fining drivers who leave their engines running when pulled over to the side of the road, particularly near schools and at taxi ranks.

During rush hour on November 1, Nottingham’s pollution levels were the highest in the country. Credit: Air Quality Index

There have been 29,000 deaths in the UK each year which are attributed to air pollution, with around 200 of those being adults in Nottingham.

Exposure to air pollution is linked to medical conditions such as strokes, asthma, lung cancer and diabetes.

In research conducted by E.ON in the East Midlands, 88% of people said they feel they don’t know enough about air pollution.

Over a quarter of parents in the East Midlands don’t know that energy usage at home can impact local air pollution, and one in ten think that you are unaffected by air pollution when you are inside your home.

 

Air pollution is measured in two types of particle matter.

This particle matter includes pollutants such as black carbon, sulfate and nitrates, which can deeply penetrate the lungs and cardiovascular system.

PM 2.5 are tiny particles that can cause the air to look hazy, and are so microscopic that they are inhaled easily.

PM10 are particles that measure no more than 10 micrometres – in comparison, a strand of human hair is 100 micrometres.